注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

科学新思维

科学探索

 
 
 

日志

 
 

The true quantum mechanics   

2010-03-23 04:59:34|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

                                                The true quantum mechanics

  Introduction, "Interpretation of quantum mechanics" a sub-text of two articles on the article "Interpretation of quantum mechanics" basic part of the next, "Interpretation of quantum mechanics" measurement part of the

By Li Xinmin Dagang Oilfield in Tianjin, China

       Physical vibration wave is a mechanical wave; energy wave is a wave of electromagnetic radiation, etc.; the motion of matter waves is the electronic wave particle motion. The first two waves are formed by wave force transmission, the latter is the formation of wave trajectory approximation. In other words the first two waves is an objective reality, the latter is the movement into the form of waves similar to the movement. In physics, mechanical waves are generated by mechanical disturbance, and its transmission depends on the variability of the elastic medium, such as air, water and the presence of metals. Electromagnetic waves are electromagnetic field disturbance generated, so no media can be electromagnetic waves transmitted in a vacuum. In quantum mechanics, the electron wave and others are introduced as a hypothesis, regardless of the quantum school recognized or not, the wave function and Schrodinger equation and the equation of a function of experience. Physics waves up to now only mathematical concepts and principles, volatility is not a movement and trajectory; wavelength, frequency and amplitude on behalf of the physical meaning of what is no answer; in particular is seen as a wave motion in the medium is a serious mistake. A movement in the medium-wave and space does not exist, the wave is not a mathematical description of the physical existence. Mechanical wave is the elastic force (recovery stress) the proliferation of communication is not there in the medium-wave movement. Energy wave is swelling force of the spread of energy quanta, of course, has nothing to do with the media. Electron wave is man-made, in order to facilitate the description and calculation of the microscopic world. Like that Shakes the Barley and sand waves also have a similar nature as the mechanical wave, only the transmission power of the wind is not a force between the wheat and the spread of sand.

Is now awareness of the particle-wave is: There is a certain frequency, wavelength and amplitude of the particle transport dynamics, this understanding is completely wrong, there is no corresponding physical image, the objective world does not exist such a wave. Quantum mechanics is based on wave and the wave function on the basis, in the understanding of the error on the wave built on the basis of quantum mechanics is bound to result in an erroneous interpretation of the objective. Mechanical wave is a medium stress transfer cycle of vibration to restore the image, which can be used to represent the image complex trigonometric functions. Similarly, the light waves are swelling force transmission cycle of photon images can also be used to represent the complex trigonometric functions. They are changes in force transmission cycle oscillation graphics, not their trajectories, or orbital equation. In other words, mechanical waves and optical media vibration can be transported into a dynamic cycle of the same mathematical form to describe a function or equation. At the micro world of particle motion is periodic motion, and the cycle was very short, simply can not measure. Equations describe the trajectory or the orbit using the method, we can never enter the micro-world. In the Planck hypothesis, based on the de Broglie matter wave hypothesis put forward to give the complex particle mathematical graph trigonometric functions. De Broglie and quantum mechanics are not recognized de Broglie matter wave hypothesis put forward is that this is just a means of transformation, does not mean that particles have volatility. Because math is not with the state of matter-wave information, de Broglie wave mathematical wave given mass, momentum and energy and other physical quantities of quantum mechanics through the interpretation of the wave function and wave function equation out of the physical quantities periodic oscillations to convey the information to describe the micro-particles movement forms and status. Quantum mechanics by de Broglie wave and micro-world dialogue. However, quantum mechanics will change the way the image formed by fluctuations in the mathematical errors that are particle state, the mathematical wave of uncertainty, non-local nature of statistical arranging the material into the body on the line from the material existence is now unable to go on understanding of quantum mechanics, has created many problems. We understand that the wave of what will be a series of problems of quantum mechanics solved.

A mechanical wave nature of

       To exert a force on the elastic medium, in the role of the point of some elements of space (molecular energy space) is compressed, the medium has to restore stress and elastic modulus, the stress recovery of these molecules adjacent to the surrounding molecules to pass stress, so that force to pass along to form a force in the dissemination of the size of the fluctuations in the restoration of stress transfer is all-dimensional, so the mechanical wave is not only a mixture of transverse and longitudinal wave-wave, but the direction of the whole mixture of waves, so the medium elastic modulus and density determine the mechanical wave speed and transmission distance. Stress is a by-pass to the adjacent molecules, one molecule force can only be passed to the first n-elements, the first n-1 molecule in the end the distance between molecules is a half-wavelength of the medium. As time goes on, the first molecule force gradually small or 0, the second molecule into a great force, and the second force molecules to pass to the first n +1 as far as molecules, force spread over time in the wave front to wave the size of the move to four weeks spread. In the same medium, 2 the same size of the stress wave (opposite), when met at a regional force to offset the performance of the standing wave; the same direction of force transmission at a given moment and regional superposition of resonance. Mechanical wave propagation is a function of time, at a certain time interval, facing the wave source of the feelings of many waves, the crest is greater than the number of static and opposite movement in the number of sources, seem to have a shorter wavelength waves, and the frequency increased a; that Doppler effect is not facing the wave source a wave frequency will be increased, but many wave effects. Amplitude is the first molecule recovery stress and the difference between the first n-.

2 energy (light) wave nature of

       Electromagnetic radiation such as light waves are different from the objective existence of material energy, energy is composed of energy quanta; just formed by the light quantum, the light quantum is a kind of energy quanta, energy, expansion of the child is free. The following discussion to light waves, represented by the energy wave movement and related properties. I am "the nature of light and optical quantum model" of a light described in the text, indicating that light is photons, or light strings from the source of the normal direction of expansion of power transmission, performance for the S-wave is the radiation wave; a ray is a radiology wave. Sent a light from the light source, followed by expansion of the light quantum is greater than the previous expansion of the light quantum force, the first expansion of a light quantum force can only be spread to the first n-photon light here the emergence of a swelling force of the minimum value, from the first a light quantum to the first light quantum distance from n-half the wavelength of light between them is weak and the amplitude of light. As time goes by, the second photon instead of the first location of a light quantum which makes it one level to pass along, so that force transmission presented in the form of waves. Light exercise is not a wave, just a straight-line movement and the spread of light fluctuations in the quantum description of light at a light on the swelling force changes over time. A light is constituted by a different expansion rate of the photon, and a wavelength λ frequency υ photon energy is hυ, when a photon from a light source wavelength λ when the expansion to the expansion of power is done by force Fr, both hυ = Fr , where F is the photon, the average expansion of power, will be on both sides of the inter-type 2πee, so the numerator and denominator are the units of energy, after finishing has been a skillful dimensionless fine structure constant.

3 the speed of light compared with the mechanical wave

A light-emitting mechanism

Just released by a movement of material form of dynamic energy, just light the light on space and light created their own free expansion movement. Just photons, photons gradual expansion of power transmission create light movement, that is, the velocity of light has nothing to do with the movement of light.

Two mechanical wave generated by a mechanism

On the media to exert a force of a particle, then the point of molecular energy of the molecular space or space is compressed, the molecules are to resume this stress, that is, material elastic modulus. The stress to the medium surrounding the role of one by one point on the adjacent molecule space to force delivery of one by one to four weeks down the formation of sound waves. Sonic is also a normal vector, but also radiation waves. This movement of the sound and media, and the sound source ---- dictate the body movement has nothing to do.

4 Quantum Cryptography

       Interpretation of quantum mechanics should be expressed to be clear about the physical wave images of what the physical meaning of what it is that the wave nature. "Interpretation of quantum mechanics," a text is to clarify the nature of the wave after the completion. Fluctuations in the trajectory image is not a movement, which is the movement of vibration image. Simple pendulum is not a wave, but the pendulum swings left and right; but it can be transformed into pendulum motion affected by gravity, or potential energy of the vibration of images to describe, so that people pendulum movement has been given a wave nature. Through the interpretation of quantum mechanics to obtain the microscopic information quantum cryptography, and quantum cryptography is the wave function of the microscopic information conveyed. Wave function is a microcosm of the sensors, through the reading sensors coming from quantum cryptography, quantum mechanics to outline a micro-world images. Quantum mechanics is the system of atomic particles such as micro-force or potential energy of the seasonal changes of the harmonic vibrations into images to be described. Exploring the micro-world processes, due to atomic electrons around the nucleus movement cycle is instantaneous, almost intangible (see Bo-wen "new atomic model") It's hard to trajectory and orbit equations to describe, using the classic orbital equation is very difficult to enter the micro-world. De Broglie unconsciously put up a micro-and macro-dialogue with communication channels, quantum mechanics to use the classic images of electromagnetic waves and mature mathematical model of vibrations and waves, with the de Broglie wave will be clever to give the wave behavior of particles. The particles into a particle state of motion within the system to describe the vibration cycle; that is, the particle trajectory in the system, into particles by the force or potential energy cycle of vibration of the vibration function, and then the classical wave theory to describe. I Bo-wen, "wave nature" has been said, is the power-cycle vibration Mingbo image, which is the key. Therefore, quantum mechanics is to study the wave function of knowledge, de Broglie hypothesis is that it's essence. Quantum mechanics are in the middle of math and physics knowledge, it is no matter how the micro-states, or even regardless of the physical nature and concepts, it dealt with the movement of particles into vibration of the state function, with its description in the form of vibration waves of. Since the particles can be used to describe the waves, then the particle movement and turned it into a cycle of vibration wave curve, particles also have volatility, and this is the particle "wave-particle duality of the real physical content. Since the volatility of particles "and with the de Broglie," channel ", it showed that" the Heisenberg uncertainty relations. " Localized in space, the particles within a region will fail to identify with a frequency and wavelength of the de Broglie wave to represent, but must be expressed with a wave packet. Wave packet envelope line to the group velocity dω / dk movement. Has a localized particle, it groups with de Broglie wave (wave packets) to represent. For each sub-wave, energy and the frequency of the formula: E = hν; the relationship between momentum and wave number for p = hk. Therefore, the group velocity Vg = dω / dk can be expressed using the following methods:

The group velocity does not reflect the nature of the wave, but more a reflection of the media adopted by the wave packet nature of quantum mechanics by the assumption, the particle-wave consistent with the de district is intended, namely:

                                      (DE / dp) wave packet = (dE / dp) particles

Expression in the particle energy, only kinetic energy depends on the momentum, the dE / dp = dK / dp, for non-relativistic particles, dk / dp = p / m, this is the important results of quantum mechanics and support: the particle velocity is equal to the corresponding of the wave packet group velocity, but also equal to the speed of particles.

     Wave functions and electromagnetic waves of light have the same mathematical form and structure are the displacement X and time T of the cycle letter. This periodic function is a function of vibration of the volatility of images, electronic or other particles by the electric force of the vibration or fluctuations in potential energy, but the nature is subject to vibration or fluctuations in force. In an atom, electron spin is not a non-stop around the nucleus, but a cycle of laps around the nucleus to switch n (see Bo-wen (new atomic model and the covalent bond "), so that e-n per revolution as a cycle of laps, you can use e-force or potential energy by the electric field images to describe the cycle of vibration. microscopic particles are in full force or potential energy of the cycle of movement, it can be transformed into the image to describe the fluctuations, it is quantum mechanics can be a very good describe the microscopic state of the key factors. will be transformed into movement of particles to describe the wave function, wave function, there is a new module to the square of the physical meaning, it should be expressed as a particle by the electric field forces the probability distribution. electronics and electronic two-slit experiment nothing to do with interference. electronic fluctuations in an electronic or vibrational wave packet formed images, electronic double-slit experiment is more than up to 20000 e-formation of the probability distribution of random images, two electronic or interfere with each other only the wave packet energy is potential or electric field strength of the overlay, the probability that there can not be e-superimposed. In physics, forces can be superimposed, there are corresponding physical images; and how the probability of electronic interference occurs, how to stack, no corresponding physical image, the number of occurrences can interfere, it is difficult to imagine. Born probability interpretation of the wave function without corresponding physical image, the wave function is the potential energy of the vibration function, potential energy from the electric field to decide, so the vibration of the wave function is also a force function, the square of the modulus of the wave function should be expressed as the probability of electronic distribution by the electric force.

5 Potential energy vibration wave function

       In classical mechanics, heat is a function of position, in one-dimensional case, the potential energy function can be equilibrium point, with Taylor a few to start the last campaign into a simple image and functions to be described in turn through the de Broglie relations thermal fluctuations in the classic images of particles into vibration function, and that is the particle wave function of the vibration function, because of the following are all mathematical derivation, this slightly

Six pairs of Schrodinger's interpretation of the learning equation

      Article Schrodinger equation by the idea of the process: ① energy conservation, ② single-valued, ③ equations consistent with the de Broglie relations, ④ individually to meet the four aspects of causality analysis of their physical meaning expressed by the equation. Proved particle Schrodinger equation is the potential energy of vibration equation; but also proved that the wave function of the displacement x, and the second derivative of time t, a derivative of the potential with the particles the existence of a linear relationship (proof process is abbreviated). Quantum wave function with the classical wave function is different: it is a one-dimensional fluctuations in a binary function. Pushed slightly

7 pairs of the interpretation of Bohr atom model

      Bohr's quantum hypothesis, according to electronic orbital, electronic potential energy into the cycle of vibration to electronic images, Bohr model of the electric field strength and potential energy of vibration is not continuous, such as potential energy is potential energy curves of Bohr orbit radius in the atomic region, atomic radius cycle to Bohr orbit point for periodic vibration, although the Bohr model gives a different curve such as heat, but these curves as a Bohr electron orbit, with orbital equation of motion of electrons to describe the same token, the Schrödinger equation is transformed into these and other potential energy curves to describe a vibration function equation, the equation one of the principal quantum number n is the Bohr orbital quantum number, so that we can explain why they use different approach will be consistent with the results, but also the physical meaning can be given

8 metal conductive nature and vibration image

    As an example, the nature of the conductive metal and electronics in the conductor's motion state to prove that conductive metal such as micro-movements can be overtaken by the wave function, with the Schrodinger equation to describe the study, and the following text we Bo "new atom model" for foundation, given the nature and movement of metal conductive images, in the metal, A hitting the atomic radius on the issuance of an electron, the electron around the ring A nuclear translocation of the n electric force after being sucked into the nucleus of the A nucleus, in the a pile of metal lattice on the left power, under the action of the electric field strength, from the lattice A launch to deviate from the atomic radius of the electron A and B nuclear power field of nuclear balance of power lines, the electric field into the B nuclear attraction areas, so that the electronic n circle around the B nuclear translocation, was inhaled B-core, into the lattice B, the lattice constant of the receiver on the left lattice electronic, lattice itself out of electronic firing again was the right lattice constant of the capture, macro - conductor formed on the directional currents. Energy electron shielding effects (see my Bo-wen), the electronic moment to leave the atom, atomic absence of an electron screening energy, atoms on the release of heat (energy), the performance of the current heating effect. Exists between the lattice and the lattice energy of a certain density, the energy of the electron movement inhibiting (see my Bo-wen); temperatures are high, the energy density of the lattice between the large, the role of electronic barriers also large, expressed as the temperature higher increase in electrical resistance phenomenon. Through the map we can see that it is portrayed one-dimensional trajectory of electron motion picture, its function is one-dimensional sine function. Electronic vibration function is the function difference between the two points and the track were the sine function, the use of de Broglie waves, it can be translated into the corresponding quantum wave function and Schrodinger equation. Conductive metal spring vibration images oscillator chain of the same dimension as the de Broglie wave packets and wave function expression.

9 the real quantum world

      On "Interpretation of quantum mechanics" on a central idea of the text summarized as follows: Interpretation of quantum mechanics has been the focus of academic debate, so far, no one can really understand its true physical meaning, and no one knows the true wave function describing the physical What is the image that this great success of quantum mechanics is extremely incompatible. Great success of quantum mechanics on the one hand, on the one hand Youji bring a lot of people are confused, especially in the interpretation of quantum mechanics. The subjective interpretation of quantum mechanics involved, so that people can not be close to the quantum world, the true face of dense fog. "Interpretation of quantum mechanics," a text of the first to dispel the fog, so that people understand the true physical meaning of quantum mechanics.

       Quantum mechanics is there will be localized nature of the objective world into a non-locality to carry out the volatility and its theoretical description in. This is a transformation method you describe, and did not change the nature of the objective world, but also does not mean that the objective world and the objective world has such a character; in other words, quantum mechanics is the classical wave theory of the nature of de Broglie waves formed by theory. Given the volatility of the particles as described by quantum mechanics and not the objective reality. As Bohr said: "We do not there is no quantum world, with only an abstract quantum physical description. That the task of physics is to discover how a natural point of view is wrong, and physics are concerned about on the naturally what to say. Indeed, there is no quantum world, quantum world is a function of conversion due to the formation of the illusion. the quantum world was caused by the quantum, the quantum of the essence of the kinetic energy of the light with the Planck energy quantum; to the kinetic energy of particles with equating the de Broglie wave, and then through the Schrodinger equation to describe the world.

       Classical mechanics of mechanical waves and electromagnetic waves of the wave function has the same mathematical form and structure, all of these images into a complex movement of images to describe the vibration of a simple quantum mechanics and classical fluctuations in the different de Broglie wave is such a conversion. Vibration and wave to describe the world as though a tremendous convenience and benefits, but not comprehensive enough. Either classical physics or modern physics are still in the phenomenological description of the world on. Electromagnetic wave theory is the more mature theory, which is a human entered the information society, the main theory, but its practical application are only an approximate solution. The mathematical description of wave theory and actual bias. Equation of quantum mechanics is an idealization (absolute vacuum) space, the ideal equation, and follow the time reversal invariance. Ideality of quantum mechanics lies in that it regardless of physical form of a complex movement, and regardless of the nature of the interaction causes, or even not to the physical concepts, from the physical vibration of a simple micro-images to obtain information. As the effect of listening to the difference between TV and watching TV, have access to program information, but the results vary a lot less information. Quantum mechanics to bring about the progress of human society is immeasurable, if only to indulge in the results of quantum unable to extricate themselves, the quantum world, no longer do more than the quantum nature of accountability would be a serious impediment to scientific progress. Quantum mechanics is not a true reflection of the objective, but an objective tool for Discovery, more like mathematics. With the quantum wave theory to describe the world, there must be "wave-particle duality", which is the wave of Non-locality decision. Discovery of the world using quantum mechanics to more fundamental reason is not the result, that is to be the result is absurd. On the other hand, whether now or in the future to explore the microscopic world is inseparable from quantum mechanics, which is determined by its characteristics. In an atom, the electron movement simply can not measure, e-week, around the nucleus are used to describe the moment it is much longer than the time, especially deep-seated. If the classical approach, we will always be blocked outside of the microscopic world. If the whole world to the quantum mechanics is not objective.

 

  评论这张
 
阅读(520)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017